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How to teach English (助力英语教学能力考试-教学设计lesson plan)

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1.教学设计的模式

词汇和语法,写作课:PPP模式

听力,阅读课:PWP模式

There are two commons kinds of lesson plans used by English teachers. They are PPP and PWP models.

WHAT IS PPP LESSON PLAN?

It is mainly used for teaching vocabulary, grammar, and writing. It stands for Presentation, Practice, and Production.This means that a lesson is divided into 3 stages.

Presentation --

In this stage, the teacher presents the item or content she wants her students to learn. For example, she wants her students to learn 'Present Simple', she will needs to introduce the form and use and provide as many examples to the students.

Practice --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to practice what she has presented in the earlier stage. For example, she may ask her students to unscramble the sentences, fill in the gaps with correct form, or identify the usage.

Production --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to use what they learned from the earlier stages.

Students need to personalize it, meaning they apply to their real life by writing or speaking.

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WHAT IS PWP LESSON PLAN?

It is mainly used for teaching listening and reading . It stands for Pre-, While-, and Post-. This means that a lesson is divided into 3 stages.

Pre-Reading/Listening --

In this stage, the teacher draws the students' attention to the lesson and presents the item or content she wants her students to learn. For example, she wants her students to read a text, she will ask students to look at the picture, guess what the text will be about, and so on.

While-Reading/Listening --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to read or listen and do some activities. For example, she may ask students to read and find some specific information, some general information, or the meaning of the whole text.

Post-Reading/Listening --

In this stage, the teacher asks the students to use what they learned from the earlier stages.

Students need to personalize it, meaning they apply to their real life by either writing or speaking.


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